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History of Educational Gymnastics in British schools
February 13, 2018
Educational Gymnastics in Britain A popular conception of gymnastics today is of young girls in sparkly leotards with hair kept up in tightly bound buns.  This is a relatively new concept, with gymnastics originally being an all-male outdoor pursuit. Gymnastics has originated from several different sources, but all had the underlying principle of healthy movement. […]

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Strength and Power Concepts, Jim Radcliffe

“The best way to get in shape is not to get out of shape.”

Jim Radcliffe strength coach at Oregon University has been coaching there for 26 years (That is longer than most “S&C coaches” in the UK have been alive). Unlike a lot of people who have been in situ for a long time, he isn’t resting on his laurels in a comfort zone of repeating the same thing year after year.

Instead he has developed an outstanding sequence of practices and structures that allow him to deal with big numbers of big guys in limited time. Here is a review of some of his workshops at GAIN in 2011.

The Warm Up

Jim Radcliffe strengthTeach and train the warm up. Working on “pillars of strength” routines that warm up the body from the core outwards. One of the first exercises taught is the “hip hinge”.

Stand as if ready to jump, fingers on hip bones. Then imagine a table has hit your thighs, pinch your fingers and bend forwards. Keep working this movement forward and backwards.

Then work on a progression from hip hinge to hip extension. The weight training exercises such as good mornings, deadlifts, catches follow this progression.

Sprint progressions he uses are:

  • Starts  (from various positions).
  • Accelerations from 5-25 yards
  • Barefoot speed drills.
  • Sprint intervals (notice that these are last once the mechanics are right).

“Keep healthy, refreshed, sharp”

 Radcliffe defined the various aspects of strength as follows:

  • Core strength : bodyweight vs gravity
  • Absolute strength: overloads regardless of condition
  • Relative strength: overloads/ % of bodyweight
  • Dynamic strength: overloads / degree of speed
  • Elastic strength: overloads/ degree of rebound.

 With Athleticism increasing from top to bottom.

Within these concepts the type of overload can be changed to affect the training outcome:

  • Resistive Overload: Gravitational, inclination, external.
  • Spatial overload: range, saggital, frontal, transverse planes
  • Temporal overload: Operating rate, impulse

 Does Weight Training make you slower?

The more weight you lift, the slower you move.” So time in the weight room can make you train slow to be slower, or train fast to be slower.

It is better to concentrate on movement efficiency how you project your hips. You need more force, but then move faster too. Work on “Flex, extend, rotate” to apply this force.

The long term objective is explosive power which comes from:

  • Functional Strength
  • Directional Speed
  • Transitional Agility.

The short term objective is Power (endurance) reliability which comes from:

  • Work capacity (not necessarily more, but better)
  • Recoverability
  • Stamina.

The training cycle

Radcliff uses 14, 21,or 28 day training cycles, and uses a multitude of formats within that. He categorises the lifts as either single joint , double joint or multiple joints. He then uses sets and reps  as either fixed, plateau, stimulation or wave.

All of these are adjusted during the training cycle to allow adaptation and stimulation to take place. So even if the lifts stay the same, the ways, means and loads on them differ all the time.

The weekly cycle

Within the week, Radcliffe looks at training different emphases. For example a few days might be on vertical jumps and tosses, another on horizontal jumps with bounds and hops. He uses different complex patterns that utilise strength and power together such as:

  • Squat\ Jump
  • Pull\ toss
  • Push | Pass
  • Lunge\ Bound.

Radcliffe is dealing with big numbers of players remember (30 is a small group) so the system of training has to reflect this.


As Oregon have had some great successes recently, no small amount of credit can go to Radcliffe.

What I liked about Radcliffe (and all the presenters), was how he had consolidated his thoughts and practices into easily digestible chunks for the young athletes.

He has a system that is adaptable, rather than off the shelf, and has been proven in practice. Over the 4 years he has the guys, he can see the progression and introduce his key principles. That is what makes him one of the best strength trainers out there.

 Next: Plyometrics and Agility.

I use these principles when designing strength training for sports programmes


  1. […] that with Jim Radcliffe, Bill Knowles the physical education strand, plus all the practical workshops, discussions and […]

  2. […] bigger without having a solid foundation of movement (or the 4 pillars) will result in an immediate short term (about 12 weeks) […]

  3. […] lecture last year looked more at the weekly and monthly cycles. This looked at more of the progressions that fit into […]

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Dan James – Paralympian
During the build up to the Beijing Paralympics I was fortunate to be able to train with Excelsior. During this time James delivered a specific eleven month training block to me starting from base fitness up to more complex circuits and exercises. James would always take part in our sessions and this really helped motivate me, as we would push each other to achieve during the sessions. James was flexible around my shift work and would always answer any questions I had, however daft they sounded!

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Your future success starts here Are you an active teenager who wants to get a bit fitter? Feel like you get overlooked by school teams? Do you want to learn how to become more agile and faster? Do you want specific advice on how you can balance study and becoming more active? Do you want […]