School term has resumed which means the end of Summer Athletics and the resumption of gymnastics and weightlifting in Willand and Wellington. Here is a brief synopsis of what is happening.
Fundraising: we have been short listed from over 700 applicants for the Skipton Grassroots Giving Campaign. In order to gain £500 for the club to buy equipment, please vote here.Every vote counts, so thank you.
We were also kindly given £450 from Viridor for equipment and £240 from Willand United Charities to subsidise our uniforms.
Summer training and competition has finished now. The last event was the Exeter Open where we had several personal bests in hurdles, sprints, javelin and 1200m. No long jumpers this time due to conflicting events. Archie Ware won both his events but got listed as an Exeter Harrier by mistake!
Winter training will resume in October and will consist of technical work and physical preparation for next spring.
3 of our weightlifters
Sessions have started back this week after a quiet Summer. We have spaces available on Monday nights for anyone aged 13+ who wishes to learn a new activity and be physically and mentally challenged. Other times are available, including two day time slots. Full details on our weightlifting page.
Four of our members will be doing their Level 1 coaching course starting in 2 weeks’ time in Willand. Topsy, Sarah, Laura and Zara will then be able to help James coach in the upcoming funded “Love to Lift” sessions which will start in October.
We ran a volunteer workshop last Friday for the new and existing volunteers who help out at the club. This gives everyone an idea on basic handling, safety and an introduction to good coaching practice. We looked at handstands, headstands and some beam work.
End of a busy day somersaulting
These workshops are designed to help improve what we do and give confidence to parents that they can get involved and help out. We have a good mix of parents and Duke of Edinburgh volunteers, without whom we would be unable to operate.
James attended his first Level 3 technical module in Honiton on Sunday with 3 of our gymnasts. The syllabus included: front, back and side somersaults, with aerials and aerial walkovers.
We will be able to work towards these skills with our more accomplished gymnasts.
We have vacancies in Freestyle Gymnastics in Wellington and Willand and still have some spaces left in our Primary gymnastics class in Wellington. All details are on our gymnastics club page
Thanks to everyone for supporting the club, we are looking forward to improving everything we do to create the best environment for our athletes and coaches.
We are looking to recruit a new Welfare Officer. If you know anyone who might want to take on this important, (but low workload) role to help the club, please let James know. Would suit a retired person who is willing to attend a 3 hour course (paid for by the club) and have a DBS check.
I am delighted to announce that we have been successful in our application to Sport England’s small grants programme. The money will be used to develop the Weightlifting section of our club.
The grant we will be used in 3 main parts:
Equipment: we shall be buying Eleiko competition bar and plates, a new floor and some technical bars for beginner lifters.
Coach development: it is important to develop coaches from within the club. We shall be sending some of our existing lifters on the British Weightlifting (BWL) level 1 assistant coaches qualification. This is a great opportunity for the young people of Mid Devon to gain a coaching qualification.
Running new sessions for women during the day time in Willand, as part of a programme of helping females get fit and trying a new activity. This will be done in 2 seperate blocks to give as many people as possible the opportunity to try the sport.
This project will run alongside our existing evening Weightlifting sessions which run in Willand. Our club is the only licensed Weightlifting club in the South West (outside of Bristol). We accomodate people who want to get fit for their sport (Golf, rugby, hockey and football are the most common) as well as those who want to compete in Weightlifting.
If you would like to take part in the upcoming Weightlifting sessions, please register your interest with Head Coach James Marshall . No experience is necessary, but being generally healthy is a prerequisite as the sport requires movement.
This application took a long time to prepare and submit, a big thanks to Chris Brown (one of our lifters) for his efforts in helping.
Getting Willand healthy and fit
Willand play kit
Last year we raised and secured £12,171.93 which was mainly used for our gymnastics club equipment with some going to weightlifting and athletics kit.
This meant we could expand what we were offering and move into the bigger Village Hall. We also offer a satellite gymnastics club in Wellington, Somerset, 10 miles away.
I also worked with Willand Parish Council in advising on play equipment for the village. We chose bars and obstacles courses that allow children and adults to play and explore, rather than sit! They spent £20,000 and the kit is well used and is available to all.
That means in the last 18 months Willand has had over £40,000 invested into it’s physical activity and sporting infrastructure!
Willand was a sporting hub100 years ago (read here ) it is on it’s way to becoming so again.
Hopefully this will make a difference to the long term health of our local population. All we need now are some decent cycle paths in the Culm Valley and we will really see a difference.
If you would like to take part in weightlifting, athletics or gymnastics in Mid Devon, please come along.
Thanks to everyone who voted for our club in the Skipton Grassroots Giving Campaign. We were one of 700 clubs shortlisted, and thanks to your votes we were one of the 163 organisations that will receive £500.
Read on to see how we are spending your fundraising efforts and what is happening in the Club for the rest of the year. This includes all the relevant information, dates and times for events for weightlifting, athletics and gymnastics.
Can I please ask everyone who hasn’t already to sign up for easyfundraising ahead of Christmas? It really is easy and FREE and helps us buy more equipment for all the athletes. Don’t leave it for someone else to do.
Our lifters are preparing for the Graham Cooper Memorial competition in December. We have got 16 people lifting in each week, evcenly split between men and women.
We have bought a new chalk bowl stand and extra safety collars from our easyfundraising totals. Thanks everyone who is doing easyfundraising.
We also held our Halloween Weightlifting session for the first time. Hard to tell who was wearing the make up!
Winter training started last week. We are doing Structural Integrity work in the gym on the first Thursday of the month, with some sprints and jumps. We are working on sprints, throws and middle distance on the first Saturday of the month.
Recovery in the sun
This is in preparation for competing next Summer. We were lucky with the weather last week. Ages 10-18.
The Freestyle Gym (FreeG) has taken off nicely at both our Willand and Wellington venues. We currently have 61 members between the 2 venues!
We shall be increasing the number of sessions to 3 per month at Willand starting in January. Our last one this year in Willand is on 22nd November.
Thanks to the parents and volunteers who have answered our call for help. Without you the Club simply wouldn’t run.
Good for flic flacs
Holly Walker and Laura Lane spent a day at half term on the coaching core proficiency course. Together with Tom Trowbridge and Kristy Popplestone at Wellington, they will be using the new resources we have bought to help make the sessions more structured with less queueing. (That is £200 of funding well used).
The Skipton Grassroots funding will be used to buy this Tracks 2000 folding wedge It is a handy piece of equipment which doubles as a big block we can use in FreeG and for supporting gymnasts.
End of term open sessions:
On Tuesday 6th December we will be holding an open session in Willand for parents, friends and relatives to come and watch what happens in class. We shall be holding a raffle and have refreshments for sale (Louise Sherman and Sarah Marshall hosting) which will help raise funds for the club.
On Wednesday 7th December we will be doing the same in Wellington (minus the refreshments). This is your chance to see your child in action and support the club.
Raffle prizes so far include: Red wine; set of Trolley bags; £10 voucher from Jazzys World Food in Tiverton; bottle of champagne; Dermologica mini-facial voucher. Any more donations would be appreciated (Ella Partridge and Georgina Nicol will be co-ordinating in Willand, need someone in Wellington).
Finally we have been invited to attend a Gymnastics camp on Tuesday 20th December at Gemini Gymnastics (13.5 miles from Cribbs Causeway) in Clifton. The cost for the day is only £25. It will consist of games, gymnastics and an opportunity to use all their fantastic kit, including their new FreeG “urban” area.
I need to let their Head Coach know numbers by next week, so please let me know if you are interested in going. Transport will be required, but I can help coordinate lift shares. This is an exclusive invite.
I was lucky enough to be invited to present some workshops with Vern Gambetta and deliver one of my own this weekend in Glasgow. The Scottish Athletics Conference was organised by Darren Ritchie who did a great job. Here are some of my reflections and lessons learnt.
The State of the Nation (s)
A universal underlying theme and message from coaches around the World was the poor physical state of children coming into the sport of Athletics.
Honore Hoedt from the Netherlands had some stark statistics from his country:In 1985 the average child spent 30 hours per week playing outside. Today, that is just 5 hours.
So, over a year from 5-6 the 1985 child would have played 1500 hours, today 250.
Over 1o years from 5-15, the difference accumulates from 15000 hours to 2500 hours.
So a 15 year old looking to take up sport today is already 12,250 hours behind their 1985 equivalent!
Physical Preparation is essential
This means that technical training models developed in the 1980s are likely to fail today. They are assuming basic co-ordination skills such as balance, agility and spatial awareness all exist “naturally“. An Athletics coach (and any other sports coach) has to have the underpinning knoweldge to put this into their training sessions to give the child any chance at all.
This is where Vern came in with his two practical workshops on foundationalstrength and warm ups. The idea was for Vern to give the coaches an overview of “Why” it is necessary, then for me to do the “How” and “What.”
Some of the things we included in Foundational Strength were:
Squat patterns and corrections, including progressions and regressions.
Hip to shoulder strength exercises.
A lot of the coaches seemed fixed on “knee not going over the toe” when doing squats, which is an example of a piece of folklore that exists without much substance behind it.
Warming Up Mind and Body
Med ball rotations
As we know athletes are coming to the clubs straight from school or work where they have been sitting down. Their minds and bodies need to transition from that to “Athletic” safely and effectively with an element of fun.
The warm up session included:
Skipping patterns in multi directions to “fire up” co-ordination and spatial awareness.
Hurdle drills for hip mobility and extension, with assistance exercises on return.
Mini Band exercises for glutes and hips
Medicine ball walking for hip to shoulders
These were quite challenging for the 6 “Volunteers” who kindly gave it a go. This was important to see for all the coaches, as it encourages empathy for the athletes who will be trying these exercises in the Clubs.
Building a Club from Scratch
Excelsior ADC training
Darren asked me to talk about why and how I set up Excelsior Athletic Development Club. I gave a warts and all talk on the journey I have taken, and what led me to undertake this immense and somewhat frustrating/ rewarding task.
I spent quite a bit of time talking to Brian Fitzgerald, from San Fresno High School in California. He was presenting on “100m myth busting” and “Coaching 100m relays“. The latter presentation was excellent, and showed how it could be done to greatest effect.
Brian, Me and Honore Hoedt
I also had a great dinner conversation with Trevor Painter and Jenny Meadows about their experiences with 800m running and racing. It was a shame I couldn’t see them present too, there was so much going on simultaneously.
I shall expand further on things I picked up from Brian, Trevor and Jenny in future related posts. I shall be implementing some small changes this week on my own practice. I shall be reflecting on how to continue coaching middle distance runners locally, of which there seems to be a big shortage, with long slow races being more popular.
Thanks to all delegates who asked questions and took part, and to all the other presenters and staff who gave very useful insights into coaching and organising athletics. Big thanks to Vern Gambetta for asking me to help.
“Why get obsessed with details if they don’t matter yet?”
Steve Magness, at GAIN 2016 presenting on “Current concepts of endurance training“. I have been priviliged to meet up with Steve for 3 GAIN conferences, and his thoughts have greatly shaped the work I do with our Middle Distance Running group.
Here are some of the key principles that underpin the work we do. Steve has had considerable success with his athletes (he does have a better gene pool!) both at professional and collegiate level. But, success can be defined as knocking off 2 minutes from your 5km Park Run time at 53 years old like Martin Baxter has done.
What actually matters?
Focus on what matters & is controllable
This is very important to understand. It is easy to get caught up in the latest fad, or copying someone elses’s workout they posted on facebook. This applies at all levels!
That could be “stuff” like Garmin watches, altitude masks, compression socks, beetroot tablets. Or it could be training plans: High Intensity Interval Training (HITT), Training Zones, High Volume or Cross Training.
It is perhaps the biggest reason to get a decent coach. Too many athletes (speaking from experience) come to me from other clubs without any idea of why they do sessions.
Steve emphasised the importance of “Developing your why“.
It is important to listen to people who “Have skin in the game” rather than “some Professor telling you to do it“. This means learning from coaches who are producing athletes with results regularly.
Developing a Middle Distance Running Philosophy
Learn from the past
However, Steve is far from being a “Luddite flat-earther”. His coaching his based around 3 areas:
Art (Coaching, trial, error, experience)
Science (Research, results)
History (Learning from previous coaches such as Fred Wilt, Herb Elliott, Percy Wells Cerutty)
Note the breadth and depth of these areas. This has helped ground Steve and be less resistant to fads or “folklore“(Ken Doherty phrase) than some other endurance coaches.
For example one of the Middle Distance Running tenets is “Mileage wins medals“. It is common to hear runners at all levels talking about how many miles they have run. Steve gave the example of coaching one runner recovering from illness who had no idea how many miles she was running , but still managed to train effectively (for her).
Steve had to adapt his coaching (science and art) to this runner, despite being unable to get so called essential information (mileage). All her runs were based on time and effort.
If your only coaching plan is run (X miles +1) every week, then you are only working on one aspect of middle distance running: Volume. The same thoughts apply to those who only do “intervals” or any other single parameter of training.
Sharing ideas with Steve
Here are some key points I picked up from Steve this year and previously.
If your results are continuing to improve, there is no need to change for change sake. “Don’t go somewhere until you need to go somewhere.“
If your 1 mile time is continuing to drop on your current plan, keep going. When it plateaus it is time to adjust.
Don’t do workouts to prove something to yourself: do them to create an adaptation. Sometimes you will have “see God days” (lying down on the track exhausted) but that is part of a process, rather than the goal.
There is a time to train and a time to rest. No such thing as half way rest. Don’t force yourself if its not in the plan.
It’s not about recovery, it’s about adaptation. You are trying to get fitter, your recovery should be helping you to adapt to your training session.
Performance is a consequence of good training. Therefore make the training good and relevant to performance: take away the watches and split times and train like you race. Change your usual environment.
There is a big difference between creating workouts for newcomers (anything is a stimulus, so easy to make improvements) versus runners with 10 years+ of experience. So beginners trying to copy experienced runners is often unnecessary, and experienced runners need specific direction.
High Intensity vs Low Intensity: this should be a redundant discussion. You have EVERY intensity at your disposal, so use them. There is a continuum between sprinting to slow steady running (even hill walking); finding the right mix depends on your event and your athlete, and the stage they are at.
Important points for our athletes
Excelsior athletes training
One of the key things that has come up is consistency of training. It is more important that you have a lot of good, average days than you trying to thrash yourself all the time. Your training has to be sustainable over 3-4 months.
The next thing is to find out what stimulus you are trying to create to adapt in the direction you want. About half of Steve’s athletes need more fitness to race at the next level. Other athletes may need more speed, more endurance, or more pacing strategy. Each workout should then be planned around this.
You plan training above and below what is necessary for your race. For example 3 sessions may look like this:
1 mile at 4:22 (3 mins rest) 4 sets total
20 minutes at 5min pace, then a 3 minute jog
400m at 60 second pace (1 min rest) 6 sets total. (Steve’s sessions, our athletes run slower than that!)
Steve said that whilst many average runners can do a good workout, or run a good part of a race, the best runners can put the whole plan together and execute it on race day.
One way I facilitate this is to make the training resemble the race. We do run times/ splits, but we also race in training and we definitely create adverse situations for our runners to overcome. They have to think and adapt to what is being thrown at them.
Steve’s excellent coaching book
I have briefly touched on what has been hours of listening to Steve, then talking with him, plus reading his book. What I like is that Steve has studied the history, science and art of coaching middle distance running, plus applied it in his own training and with his athletes.
This presentation at GAIN in June 2014 covered the concepts that work for him and also how he has evolved his coaching.
The most important factor is the performance requirement of the athlete. This is different from the performance goal. Once you know that, then it is essential that you look at ways of positively influencing that requirement.
Talk with the athlete about goals/ factor of the process, rather than how fast do you need to run. This means as a coach that you need to clearly understand the performance requirements.
Write them down! Then look at when your top performance needs to be achieved.
Evaluate the strengths/weaknesses of the athlete in light of these performance requirements. Can positive changes in the key performance factors be realistically achieved in the short or long term?
What will be required? Train to the athlete’s strengths as this will provide better and more consistent results.
So far, so good.
Devil is in the detail
Do you understand the skills needed to bring about changes in performance? Can you design exercises that positively impact these skills? What exercises exist that I can use?
What exercises can I develop to most efficiently translate skills into performance?
(Picture is of me practicing hip heists whilst walking up track steps with Gary in background).
This is what distinguishes Gary: he works from the top down. (Compare that to the current UK paradigm of learning 2 exercises and then reverse engineering how they improve performance.)
Once you have got this set of exercises look to perform them better today than you did yesterday.
Eliminate conflicting training stimuli: it may result in confused adaptations. For example if you have a speed development theme, then every exercise should lead into that or help develop that.
Understand the long/ short term adaptation to prescribed exercises with respect to Overload, Reversibility and Recovery. Does my exercise presrcription adhere to these principles?
“You can destroy a session by pushing that 1 rep too many“
Constant tweaking of the session and exercises is necessary. “Does the athlete make the bridge between exercise and performance”? If they fail to improve performance, then why are those exercises in place?
Evaluation is a constant: keep good records and take notes.
Design training cycles that appropriately balance general and specific exercises. Too much specificity can halt adaptation. Too much general work can detract from performance.
Invest too much time in creating annual periodisation plansas they never end up working in reality. Instead look at the overall theme and then plan the microcyle in detail.
Design the training programme without understanding the current goals.
Get caught up in linear models for training volumes and intensities. A consistent application of volume is necessary for building and stabilising performance. An excessive amount of time dedicated to building volume leads to a decrease in performance.
(I find that with UK athletes, volume appears to be the prime directive. They are often given advice like “you must run 4 times a week” or “swim 8 hours a week” with little thought given to what happens within those sessions.)
Manipulating Intensity, Density and Volume
Gary gave some insights into how he does plan his training. He said that volume in speed/ power programmes has little variation.
Instead “the volume is dictated by the quality of execution demanded by a performance objective”.
Intensity is the degree of difficulty of the session and is expressed as a % of 100. Quality, however, is a % of perfect. Are you aiming for intensity of quality?
Density is the training frequency of a particular stimulus. This directly affects the training load. In order to enhance technical development, a number of smaller doses that are prescribed more frequently is better.
Complexity is the co -ordinative demand (related to intensity) of an exercise or sequence of exercises.
By manipulating these variables correctly, Gary stated that planned restoration is built into the training plan, rather than having to be put in as an extra. He and Vern Gambetta both expressed an opinion that Overtraining did not occur in Speed/ Power athletes (I have to disagree on this having had personal experience of the effects of huge volumes of intense training under stress).
Gary finished by talking about individualisation of training. This can take many forms by varying: sets, distances run, reps, weights, altering heights of boxes or exercise choices.
Low intensity training is safe for groups. High intensity training must be individual.
It was a privilege to listen to Gary and get the chance to ask him questions. This quietly spoken coach has bags of experience, knowledge and wisdom. He was happy to share this over the course of the conference in his sessions and in the down periods. Really invaluable insights.
I have taken his advice from 2 years ago and applied it in the speed training I do with our athletes. I have used this planning advice already in preparing athletes for upcoming Championships. I just hope that they benefit as much as Gary’s athletes have.
“If you want to get faster, fitter and stronger for your sport, look no further”
Thanks to everyone who has read and/or contributed/shared this blog this year (including Dan Henderson for above quote).
There have been many different posts mainly focussed on how to improve your sports performance in some form.
There are also my regular asides on my sports coaching experiences and what I have learnt from working with my athletes or attending conferences (especially GAIN).
The top 5 posts (on hits) published this year are:
How to prevent hamstring injuriesUpdated post by Matt Durber on the best exercises to help you stop getting hamstring injuries. It also explains why the research behind Nordic Curls is fallacious.
How to get fit for badmintonDuncan Buckmaster and I look at lessons learnt from working with top Badminton players. An analysis of the fitness requirements and how new rules changes have affected this.
The fundamentals of acceleration mechanicsA review of Vince Anderson’s lecture at GAIN that will help you run the 100 metres faster. A detailed biomechanical breakdown and thought son the correct coaching cues.
How to take charge of your fitness trainingMy detailed overview of how to design your sports performance training plan in the gym. Takes a look at how to become a better athlete, rather than follow the generic strength and conditioning herd.
The Talent ID bun fightA look at why young people who are good at sport are in danger of injury and burnout. The system in the UK that has National Governing Bodies scrabbling for funding by increasing “participation” leads to a nightmare for parents.
Is it better to drink Lucozade or Water? By far the most popular blog of all time, Matt Brookland’s overview of the benefits of water and the claims from Lucozade. Was number 1 on Google for a long time: forced Lucozade to counter act!
So, I set out this year attempting to read 40 books. I have just finished my 56th. When looking at this list, I realise I need to get a bit more fiction on there for next year. I have just started another Henning Mankell novel to read over Christmas.
Here is the list in full (top 5 books are highlighted).
Bill Bryson: The Home; A short history of everyday life. Interesting look at how domestic life developed in the 19th century in UK and USA.
Michael Connelly: The scarecrow. Novel about serial killer and journalist who tracks him down.
Vince Lombardi: Run to daylight. Classic account of a week in the life of head coach of the Green Bay Packers
Martin Rees: Before the beginning, our Universe and others. Early book from the astronomer royal includes some speculation about the multiverse. Excellent summary of science research methodology and flaws.
Chris Hargreaves: Where’s your caravan? Entertaining if rambling, account of his life as a footballer and making the transition to ex player.
Insideout coaching: Joe Ehrmann. Emotive story about transformational coaching from this ex NFL player.
The black box: Michael Connelly. Detective novel with Harry Bosch, return to form after a few duds.
Therapeutic Stretching: Eyal Lederman. Excellent example of good coaching, using research and practical experience, about ways to improve range of motion.
Give and Take: Adam Grant. Ideas about giving in work, rather than just at home. How to give without burnout or being a door mat.
Rivers of London: Ben Aaronovitch. Fun fiction about modern day magic in London. Similar to Terry Pratchett.
How to be fit: Robert Kiphuth. Old text from 1956 with 8 week programme of calisthenic type exercises to maintain physical condition. Good for postural work.
The New York Trilogy: Paul Auster. Bizarre post modern detective books in one linked volume. I got lost!
The Sports Gene: David Epstein. Thorough overview of importance of genetics in sports and how environment interacts with those genes.
The science of running: Steve Magness. Good book about middle distance training. Training aspects are excellent, biomechanics/resistance training less so.
Jurassic Park: Michael Crichton. Classic techno adventure, page turner.
House of cards: Michael Dobbs. Political intrigue novel.
Once a week is enough: David Scott. Excellent read about working in local newspapers. Too many typos though!
Confessions of a g.p.: Dr Benjamin Daniels. Part of world book night, entertaining insights into life of a young Dr.
The singularity is near: Ray Kurzweil. Hard going book about technology predictions. Had to break my rule and read it in 2 parts. Tech enthusiasts only.
An introduction to athlete development: K. B. Giles. A practical guide to physical development, good ideas about session plans.
The sign of four: Conan Doyle. Sherlock Holmes story where Watson meets his future wife.
This isn’t a textbook: K.B.Giles. Very entertaining and informative read about working with top level sports people.
Before the frost comes: Henning Mankell. Detective novel seen from perspective of Linda Wallender (Kurt’s daughter).
Winning Matters: Frank Dick. Great inspirational read about setting up winning organisations. Getting better every day is winning.
Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World. Niall Ferguson. Historical account of export of political, military, economical, social and religious ideas around the world. Then its rapid decline.
The hidden persuaders:Vance Packard. Classic text about marketing strategies and duping the public into wanting things they don’t need. Mad Men esque.
Top Dog: Po Bronson & Ashley Merryman. Short book about what makes competitors tick: environment, genes and social structures. Extensive references at the end.
Helmand assault: Ewen Southby-Taylor. Review of 3 commando brigade’s 7 month operational tour of Helmand Province.
The Undisputed Truth: Mike Tyson. Gripping story about rise and fall of this ferocious boxer. Drugs and addiction very graphically described.
4 disciplines of execution: Covey. Very good ideas on how to execute Wildly Important Goals amongst the whirlwind of daily life. Need to follow the tasks in the book.
Firewall: Henning Mankell. Particularly bleak detective novel with Wallander.
In praise of slow: Carl Honoré. Why doing things at the right pace is beneficial. Written in 2004, seems more relevant now with mindfulness being en vogue. Good ideas, but big flaws and assumptions made: journalist trying to cover too much with anecdotes.
An astronaut’s guide to life on earth: Chris Hadfield. Excellent and inspiring book about the importance of sweating small stuff, humility and perseverance.
The return of Sherlock Holmes: Conan Doyle. Collection of short stories about the detective.
In this corner…! Peter Heller. Excellent compliation of 40 interviews with world champion (American) boxers from 1920s -1970s. Mentioned in Tyson’s book, some hard stories in there. Importance of road work and clean living mentioned by all the boxers.
Soldier: General Sir Mike Jackson. Autobiography about the chief of the general staff, including insights into Northern Ireland, Kosovo and Bosnia. Intelligent, thoughtful and insightful, especially about the Army’s future and its part in nation building.
Hotel: Arthur Hailey. 1965 novel about 4 days in a New Orleans hotel, bestseller at the time. Racial prejudices expressed overtly, underlying sexism revealing of attitudes in workplace then. Coincidence that, like my career, it followed straight after soldier!
Willpower: rediscovering our greatest secret. Roy Baumeister & John Tierney. Great book analysing the lost virtue of willpower and how it underpins successful behaviours. Covers a wide spectrum from the failure of diets to bringing up children.
Sport and recreation in ancient Greece: Waldo E. Sweet. Interesting research on the old sports. Aimed at undergraduates with questions, nice insights.
Greybeard: Brian Aldiss. Classic SF novel, recently re released. A bleak look at a future England where no children have been born for 40 years. Extremely well written and thought provoking.
Drive: Daniel Pink. Interesting, if albeit lightweight, read about intrinsic vs extrinsic rewards and motivation. Drive is enhanced through autonomy, mastery and purpose.
Mindset: Carol Dweck. Very interesting and thought provoking read about human potential. Good to see a female view point on things; vastly underrepresented in this type of literature.
Raising Steam: Terry Pratchett. Trainspotters delight about the new railway on discworld. Far less fantasy in these novels now compared to colour of magic.
Motor Learning in practice, a constraints led approach: Renshaw, Davids & Savelsbergh (eds). A very useful book on coaching using task and environmental constraints. Introduction and boxing chapters are duffs: pretentious academic twaddle. The other chapters (particularly Renshaw) offer really useful insights and practical examples.
Educational Gymnastics: Inner London Education Authority. Great little book on how to teach gymnastics to primary school children.
Berlin: Antony Beevor. Story of the last days of German collapse in World War II. Savage brutality, futility of it all, utter madness. Tough read, but puts other things into perspective.
His Last Bow: Conan Doyle. Collection of short stories featuring Sherlock Holmes.
The Mechanics of Athletics: Geoffrey Dyson. Classic biomechanics text from 1962 by then British Head Coach. Good diagrams, simple explanations.
Agincourt: Christopher Hibbert. A small but detailed account of this battle. Really interesting appendices too.
Olympic Gymnastics for Boys and Girls: Walter G Dunn. Useful progressions for simple gymnastics kit from 1981. Easy to understand, great for what I need to do.
Killing Pablo: Mark Bowden. Rather long and dull account of the hunt to kill Pablo Escobar. I was recommended this book, but had absolutely no interest in any of the main protagonists.
Finding your element: Ken Robinson. A lightweight book about helping you discover your real passions and aptitudes. Maybe good for younger people, or those stuck in a rut.
Sports Training Principles: Frank Dick. 6th edition of this excellent book. Guest authors featured on updated chapters on nutrition, strength, psychology. New layout includes excellent reflective questions.
Sporting supermen: Bernard Gallagher. Light relief as Wilson the Wonder, Alf Tupper and Roy of the Rovers are featured in this entertaining comic nostalgia.
Legacy 15 lessons on leadership:Jim Kerr. Short book using the All Blacks as a vehicle for learning about leadership and creating excellence from each member of the team. Very readable.
Show and tell: Dan Roam. Great visual book on how to present better. Broken into data and story telling.
When pride still mattered: David Maraniss. Outstanding biography of Vince Lombardi. Very detailed and thorough, shows how a coach’s philosophy was formed.
If you have any good recommendations to add to my wish list, please leave in the comments box.
Does Olympic Weightlifting Help Field Athletes Throw Further?
This week we have been looking at the overall benefits of Weightlifting for Sports people. Today we shall look at how we need to adapt our training around the lifts to a specific sport: throwing in athletics with guest author Nick Garcia.
Nick Garcia is one of the leading high school coaches in the U.S.A. For the past ten seasons he has served as the throwing coach at Notre Dame High School in Sherman Oaks, California where he has guided more than thirty five throwers over 50-feet (15-meters).
This includes more than ten each of spinners and gliders. Two of the girls he has coached have also broken 49-feet (15-meters). He is a level three USATF coach and level five IAAF coach.
I met Nick at the GAIN conference in Houston earlier this year. He did a great presentation on adapting training to throwers, plus a practical demonstration in the gym.
Nick is an active thrower and has been throwing the shot put for the last fifteen years. As a student at California State University Northridge, he was a two-time Big Sky conference champion in the shot put.
In ten years of post-collegiate training he increased his personal best to 18.35 meters. This was also done even though, by shot put standards, he is not the typical thrower. He measures just 170-centimeters (5-foot 7-inches) tall.
Transfer of Training
As throws coaches in the sport of track and field we are often challenged with the question on what training exercises or movements transfer best to our throwing. In the system I use, developed by Dr. Anatoliy Bondarchuk and taught to me by Derek Evely and Martin Bingisser, the exercises with the best transfer are labelled in one of two categories:
(CE) Competitive Exercises
(SDE) Specific Development Exercises.
Sure there are other exercises in other categories that may have some transfer to the throw itself, such as the clean, the squat, etc., but I look at the CE’s and SDE’s as the exercises that carry the most transfer.
(All these exercises and training programmes are built up gradually by Nick, his success comes from long term development: please avoid copying and pasting these exercises without the correct preparation: James).
Such as this chain drag throw.
Lets have a look at what we mean by CE’s and SDE’s.
Competitive Exercises (CE’s)
Each training Session begins with CEs. Basically a CE is the movement you perform in the competition itself. In the shot put it would be throwing with the rotational or glide techniques.
In the hammer throw it would be using 3, 4, or sometimes even 5 turns. When performing CE’s we always vary the weights of the implement.
However, whatever weights we choose to use are used throughout the cycle in the exact same order with the exact amount of reps each training session always keeping the competition implement within the rotation.
For example, we may choose to do a cycle with an emphasis on heavy implements for specific strength. It could look something like this:
6 Full Throws w/8.25K,
6 Full Throws w/7.75K,
8 Full Throws w/7.26K.
We keep it the same throughout the cycle so that our focus remains fixed on the same goal and our body can fully adapt to this set of implements.
Following that cycle we may choose to do a cycle emphasizing both a heavy and light implement looking something like this:
5 Full Throws w/8K
10 Full Throws w/7.26K
5 Full Throws w/6.75K.
The concept of this cycle would be to make the transition from throwing heavy implements during cycle one to throwing lighter implements for cycle three a little bit easier.
Cycle 3 may look like this:
6 Full Throws w/7.26K
8 Full Throws w/6.25K
6 Full Throws w/6K.
Now that we have a description of how CE’s may look during a particular cycle we can now analyze which of these implements may have the most transfer to a particular thrower.
While this category of exercise in general has higher transfer, I underlined particular thrower because each athlete is different. One athlete may have better transfer using heavy implements while another athlete may have better transfer with lighter implements.
How do we determine what carries the most transfer? DATA COLLECTION!
Each day we collect data by marking our best throws with each implement. Ultimately we are looking at our performance data from the competition implement during both practice and competition.
I enter my data using excel and then create a line graph so I can see the peaks and valleys. I also keep track of my personal best with each implement during each cycle. At the end of the year I will have a look at what each cycle emphasized and at what point I had my best results with the competition implement.
Whatever cycle I had my best results with the competition implement is a good bet that the implements that were being used during that time carry the most transfer for me.
What I have I found by my data collection?
I have found that I can throw as high as an 8.25K and as low as a 6K long term without messing up my rhythm with the competition implement.
Anything above 8.25K and below 6K will have a negative effect long- term on my technique and rhythm. I say long term because I have found that when I throw fulls with a 9K I can have huge throws with the 7.26k for the first week. After that first week my rhythm with the 7.26K begins to decline and starts to crash.
As for the implement that carries the most transfer for me, I have found that every time I have included the 6K into my training I have had huge throws in regards to my personal bests and talent. Therefore, if I am planning a cycle leading into a big meet I will include the 6K within that cycle.
Specific Development Exercises(SDE’s)
SDEs are movements that closely mimic the throwing motion but done with something other then a throwing implement. It can be done from a stationary position with a plethora of different devices.
For example, a shot putter may take a heavy medicine ball (9-10kg+) and fire into a wall from a standing position. This mimics the release point of the shot put.
or they could putt a sandbag
or throw a barbell
or a kettlebell
A hammer thrower can take a 10 Kilo plate and do releases for distance. This mimics the release point of the hammer. The transfer of this exercise is a bit tougher to pinpoint.
For discus throwers, this dumbbell throw can be used:
However, the data collection from the CE’s is still important in relation to the SDE. Once again in order to see what SDE may have the most transfer I will look at each cycle and see what SDE I was performing when my results with the competition implement were the best.
While going through the training year I will input different SDE’s within different cycles of training to try and come up with the best combination for me. Much of it is on feel and what I feel has done the best for me.
The Neider press in the gym is an example of applying some specificity prior to weightlfiting:
Find out more about the Excelsior Weightlifting Club if you are a track and field athlete in Devon or Somerset and who wants to prepare this winter.