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How to prevent over training in teenagers
How to prevent over training in young athletes
Over training is common in young athletes due to the high demand put on them by schools and sports teams. Schools will get talented young athletes to compete in as many sports as possible and these same athletes will also train outside of school for a team they play for in one or more sports.
An example week in the life of a young athlete –
Monday – P.E., School netball training
Tuesday – School hockey training, Team netball training
Wednesday – P.E., School netball match, S+C training
Thursday – School cross country, Team hockey training
Friday – School hockey training, Team netball training
Weekend – Match/tournament (potentially 2 with different sports)
What is over training?
Over training is a condition (physical, psychological and behavioural) that happens when an individual’s training regime is high in volume and intensity, and does not allow the body to recover from each training session.
Surely training more is better?
The more you train, the better you will become right? Yes, in a way, if you think training once a week won’t give you the benefits that training four/five times a week will. But as you can see from the example week above, young athletes can train or play a match every day!
In order to improve, get stronger/faster etc. the body needs to recover and adapt. Young athletes bodies are also not fully developed, so they need rest to replenish their energy stores and grow let alone rest to allow their muscles to recover and adapt.
What are the signs of over training?
Signs can include –
- Persistent muscle soreness
- Persistent fatigue
- Elevated resting heart rate
- Reduced heart rate variability
- Increased susceptibility to infections
- Increased incidence of injuries
- Mental breakdown
- Excessive weight loss
- Excessive loss of body fat
- Increased resting heart rate
- Decreased muscular strength
- Increased submaximal heart rate
- Inability to complete workouts
- Chronic muscle soreness
- Increased incidence of injury
- Depressed immune system
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Absence of menstruation
- Frequent minor infections/colds
- Heart Palpitations
- Lower Testosterone Levels
- Higher Cortisol Levels
- Loss of appetite
- Mood Disturbance
- Loss of motivation
- Loss of enthusiasm
- Loss of competitive drive
- Early onset of fatigue
- Decreased aerobic capacity
- Poor physical performance
- Inability to complete workouts
- Delayed recovery
What can I do to make sure this doesn’t happen?
Planning, diet and sleep are all vital when it comes to preventing over training.
Planning – The best thing to do to keep an eye on your training is to keep a log/diary. You can record everything if you do this. Training, intensity, volume, rest, sleeps etc. Writing it down will help the you see where you can rest and recover. Planning will make sure you get this time.
Diet – Getting the right nutrients into the body to support it during the recovery process will help too. Going home after a hard training session and eating a chocolate bar or packet of crisps will not support the body. Getting a good balance of protein, fats and carbohydrates will help with recovery and replenish the energy stores.
Sleep – The most important part of the day in terms of letting your body rest and recover. Lack of sleep or poor quality of sleep will deter this process.
All three of these can be recorded. Over time, you may begin to see a pattern e.g. after a tough session in the evening, your sleep isn’t as good and it affects you the next day. Seeing these patterns and learning about your body will give your training a boost and over training can be prevented.
Download this free e-book for more information on over training.
I had the pleasure of having James as my first s&c coach when I was at University in Plymouth. I worked with him for 3 years and learnt everything I now know about training to the best of my ability. When I first saw James I was identified as a talented rugby player but had various injury and illness problems to contend with. By the end of my time with him I had become an athlete and later received my first international cap against the U.S.A.
10 Apr 2019
Sporting success starts here
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